This Helicopter Just Flew On Mars! 

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The Mars Helicopter, Ingenuity aims to make the first powered flight on another planet when it takes off on Mars. It has now landed and safely checked in with the rover. It should detach and fly within the first 30-60 days of the mission. I learned a lot getting to visit the drone right before it was mounted on the rover at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.

How do you fly in 1% of Earth's atmosphere:
Have large rotors (they are 1.2m in diameter) and spin them very fast, around 2500 RPM (5x the speed of a helicopter on Earth).

Plus the aircraft has to be light:
The Mars helicopter weighs in at 1.8kg or around the same as a laptop. Every piece had to be stripped down for weight. Instead of using aerogel for insulation, the craft makes use of CO2 gaps between components. Even aerogel was too heavy!

One of the major challenges is surviving the Martian night:
Temperatures plunge to -80C to -100C so two thirds of the craft's power is actually used to keep its electronics warm. Only one third is used for flying. The estimated flight time is 90 seconds.

The craft can't be driven remotely, it will have to fly autonomously, using its own sensor suite to determine how to fly. The round trip 20 minute delay with Earth means steering the craft from mission control would be impossible.

Huge Thanks to Patreon Supporters:
Philipp Volgger, Chris Vargas, Ron Neal, Alfred Wallace, Colin Bellmore, Michael Krugman, James Knight, Donal Botkin, Sam Lutfi, Mohammed Al Sahaf, Kevin Beavers, Chuck Lauer Vose, Bryan Baker, James Wong, kkm, Manuel Zürcher, Tige Thorman, Jasper Xin, Leah Howard, Daniel Milum, Mathias Göransson, Stan Presolski, Lyvann Ferrusca, Arjun Chakroborty, June Kang, Listen Money Matters, Pindex, Joar Wandborg, DALE HORNE, Parker Linn, Roberto Rezende

Jonny Hyman was a legend in editing, animation, filming, and sound design for this video.



10. aug.. 2019





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EndHunter 20 timer siden
how often do you want to change the title
strange clips
strange clips Dag siden
I like how the title evolved over time..
HaktanOyunda YT
HaktanOyunda YT Dag siden
Me seeing it first on when its in friking Mars yes i saw it from persevernce
thanks for not having a beard
Smelly bobar.
luca trapani
luca trapani 2 dager siden
why wasnt the solar panel integrated in the blades?
Rangsil Andrew
Rangsil Andrew 4 dager siden
Why I dont see Jerry rig everything in the comment section this time
Marissa Gordon
Marissa Gordon 5 dager siden
The superficial teller perinatally pray because saxophone notably record lest a thankful opera. fascinated, descriptive waiter
Josiah 6 dager siden
Fix the title. Completely inaccurate, states Ingenuity flew before August of 2019.
Josiah 5 dager siden
@TwentyEighthParallel I actually find it kind of interesting. NOsections is not necessarily just a place where things get left to age... I see more and more folks going back and updating videos from yesterday to be re-viewed today. The motivation is obviously monetary... But still interesting to see these microevolutions even in 2021.
TwentyEighthParallel 5 dager siden
@Josiah I realize the upload date and you are correct but some people just don’t think it through.
Josiah 6 dager siden
@TwentyEighthParallel The video was uploaded in August 2019... So the correct title is the former. You have to do some crazy mental gymnastics to make the updated title sensible haha
TwentyEighthParallel 6 dager siden
It was fixed. Title used to read “this helicopter will soon fly on Mars”. People complained after it flew so it was changed to current title.
Crocodile 10 dager siden
It has a solar panel too 😶😶😯🤐🤐
viewing for pleasure
viewing for pleasure 11 dager siden
Is this helicopter fly on Mars for real. Because the funniest thing is the cloth-like bottom cover of the unit. Will this enough to protect the helicopter in a harsh environment and is it reliable?
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 10 dager siden
100% for real. Aside from some software glitches it has performed fantastically. Scott Manley put out a great video on his channel with much more technical detail-well worth watching.
Luke 13 dager siden
Istg that drone just came out 3 months ago
ZMacZ Furreh
ZMacZ Furreh 13 dager siden
Instead of using the asymmetric lift system, why not use a gyroscope. They can be mounted lightweight, and are much less prone to defects. (the gyroscope can be mounted internally and have zero contact with the outside)
Don't teach scientists, they are much more intelligent then you
ZMacZ Furreh
ZMacZ Furreh 13 dager siden
Also, direct control isn't useful for testing, since it can't be controlled that way. The software should be issued a command to move the object, and handle it from there. Also, margins for steering by any human are way too low. People can perceive maybe 100 frames of time, and only react in maybe 0.1-0.2 s. Software is much better, and can do 1000 frames and have a reaction time of well under 0.001s.
megadestroyer454 14 dager siden
Dang it flew all the way back to earth huh?
Gnome Party
Gnome Party 16 dager siden
These people understood that there were critical considerations on top of critical considerations, and I didn't even know that those things existed.
Jay Manaki
Jay Manaki 17 dager siden
Its funny because I have been playing with RC of all sorts for 35 years, the one thing I can say is ALL RC's break parts regularly and a lot of the time is spent repairing, rebuilding or fixing problems especially with helicopters and drones, Just want to know how are they going to fix it the first time it has a problem because they get problems all the time, even simple things like dirt, sand and dust getting stuck in places, bearings wearing out, if there is any plastic parts at all the temp differences will make it brittle over time, if the rotor blades ever hit anything and causes damage it will completely throw of its ability to fly properly, if any of the electronics fail or come loose. Anyone that knows RC's will tell you they are an expensive hobby and continuous need work and attention to operate correctly.
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 16 dager siden
There are no plans to repair it if something mechanical breaks. When that happens, the helicopter part of the mission is over. Since the Ingenuity part of this mission was essentially a proof of concept and the concept has been shown to be viable, it can be considered a success even if the heli breaks down at this point.
Mlf Conv
Mlf Conv 19 dager siden
9:10 what is the name of the movie
Lucky Izzac
Lucky Izzac 2 dager siden
@Mlf Conv Real Life - God
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 19 dager siden
@Mlf Conv The Martian
Mlf Conv
Mlf Conv 19 dager siden
konival 21 dag siden
what a waste of tax payers money
MrScaramanga16 21 dag siden
I love that he changed the title
Mohit Rawat
Mohit Rawat 22 dager siden
seeing this when it has flownn!!!
Prateek yati
Prateek yati 22 dager siden
Indians are here also ❤️🇮🇳
Henrique Souto Maior Rezende
Derek is so lucky!
Ekon Rekon
Ekon Rekon Måned siden
.088 atmosphere.. you need air for lift. This is totally fake news
Ekon Rekon
Ekon Rekon 28 dager siden
@Waidens "random facts" not sure. This is a joke. I've done videos
Waidens 28 dager siden
@Ekon Rekon you are type of a guy who jst read some random facts and start using that in all debate
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 29 dager siden
@Hummer's Revenge Haha-he blocked me and deleted my comments on his video when I offered to show him how to do the math for helicopter lift on Mars-couldn't handle the heat even with those snazzy sunglasses I guess. Just another spineless Dunning Kruger twerp. LOL, C 'est la vie
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 Måned siden
@Hummer's Revenge Check out his video on the subject. Spoiler alert-brains cells will be lost in the process..LOL
Ekon Rekon
Ekon Rekon Måned siden
@DarkLight 2.1 only you are a parrot for liars
fenderstratguy Måned siden
NOsections commercial interruptions are so annoying
John Morrow
John Morrow Måned siden
is that great big square solar panel on top of the props the best idea for that? they need some artists in their think tank!
iq O
iq O Måned siden
iq O
iq O Måned siden
@Wayne W What you mean, again? Have you ever had evidence about anything? Sure it flew on Mars..just like the `Moon rock` they gave to the Netherlands that turned out to be petrified wood hahaha Am i lying again??
iq O
iq O Måned siden
@Why Wow, i`ve never heard that before. I intentionally chose that username cause it`s easy to spot the biggest morons...they don`t make a comment about the problem in hand, just say exactly the same username joke, just like you did : )
Hakan KOCABAŞ Måned siden
siz bunun marsta uçacağına inanıyormusunıuz?
7249xxl Måned siden
20 min delay i wonder if that will ever go down.
John L
John L Måned siden
I would have asked a couple of additional questions... 1. What are some of the future directions that this technology may be taken? Having a design that closes is a feat of ingenuity, having a design that scales down for multiple drones seems like a new worthwhile goal for the next generation design. The heating problem seems like an obvious new direction to explore - two thirds of the battery needed for heating seems like a big price to pay. With less battery required one might consider flying a more sophisticated payload (hyperspectral, lidar, or other exotic sensors). A rover with the task of keeping drones warm seems like it belongs in the trade space. 2. Even though there is a 20 minute control delay, what are some strategies to overcome this obstacle? Having multiple autonomous flights with each successive flight using information from previous flights seems like one obvious strategy. Having a fully autonomous "explore mode" that attempts to see terrain from multiple angles so that high fidelity 3D reconstruction can be done and used for detailed analyses and successive flights. The trade space here seems large and open for new innovations that would have applications here on earth.
wayne clarkson
wayne clarkson Måned siden
Straight up Bollocks
Emo Muzz
Emo Muzz Måned siden
Like, WoW!
Satoshi Nakamoto
Satoshi Nakamoto Måned siden
123,523 ft), by Alexandr Fedotov (USSR) flying a highly modified MIG-25 'Foxbat' (designated E266M) from Podmoskovnoe Aerodrome, Russia, on 31 August 1977. The altitude was reached during a near-vertical climb.
Zeen Daniels
Zeen Daniels Måned siden
You said it correctly. Such altitude was reached, not maintained in leveled flight. Two different things.
3DWHIZZ Måned siden
would need to spin at no less than 10,000 rpm
3DWHIZZ Måned siden
Uncanilly similar specs to an earthbound model heli yet it will fly on Mars...how stupid are you??
3DWHIZZ Måned siden
@Hummer's Revenge no numbness, the burden of proof is on nasa, and now you.
3DWHIZZ Måned siden
@Hummer's Revenge No, I doubt I'm more intelligent than them boys n gals, but clearly I'm smarter than you... Burden of proof is on nasa, the ones making their claims. When questioned on things they should have no problem being straight up with all the answers. You are not answering my questions, just like nasa. Who you workin for these days.
3DWHIZZ Måned siden
@Hummer's Revenge we have been told many times that the light on Mars is significantly less than earth's. Nasa's words, not mine.You've never read or heard that? That's on you. The heli specs would enable it to fly on earth, not Mars. If you say it can then so could my rc helis with the same specs. Explain that. They certainly won't fly 1-2% the atmospheric density at 1/3 earth's gravity. I'm a long time photographer and an rc heli/airplane enthusiast. I know what won't work. Keep studying and you may one day too, tho I have my doubts.
3DWHIZZ Måned siden
@Hummer's Revenge idiot, you DO need a ton of light to freeze high speed motion. If you can't grasp that then talking to you is pointless.
3DWHIZZ Måned siden
umm no, it didn't
Aditya Nawale
Aditya Nawale Måned siden
I thought so how this vdo was 1yr old
Babak A
Babak A Måned siden
Who is here after it flew on Mars? 2021 😊
Eric Bowie
Eric Bowie Måned siden
I was confused for a second. Well more like a minute about the title. He freakin edited didn't he? Duh.
Aitor B
Aitor B Måned siden
I hope they used Arduino
TigeroL42 Måned siden
deepblueyonderspage Måned siden
I'm very curious to know which fishing line filament they went with.
deepblueyonderspage Måned siden
talk about free advertisement
MartinMartin Martin
MartinMartin Martin Måned siden
Loay Elbasyouni, contributed to the design of te Mars helicopter ! Why the excitement : Loay Elbasyouni, is living proof that palestinians are normal , Elbasyouni types can contribute, can succeed ! NOT every pal is a terrorist .
Tey Treet
Tey Treet Måned siden
This is sooo damn coool
Denis Bloemer
Denis Bloemer Måned siden
Hi. If the atmosphere is too thin to generate enough pressure or lift, couldn't you use the lower gravity to get ahead? Something like a "hopper" instead of a "copter"? ^^
BadmanUD 1
BadmanUD 1 Måned siden
Something that hops would probably be way too dangerous with the terrain of Mars while also holding tones of expensive equipment. Also the purpose of the helicopter is to be able to fly over rough terrain and map it for future exploration so having something that can hover still in the air to map the land instead of something that would go back down once it jumps as high as it can would be way better.
Zes Måned siden
TopGamers Måned siden
We are already flying na
Floppy Disk
Floppy Disk Måned siden
it has!
Andres Marquez
Andres Marquez Måned siden
The guy nailed the helis sound, lmao
Ernesto Quint
Ernesto Quint Måned siden
And yes it did.
dogmaster Måned siden
Please explain how 350W can lift a load of 850g with 2 props of 1,2m in a pressure altitude of 32.000m (mars atmosphere).
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 Måned siden
You are missing half of the calculation: 1)L = Cl * A * .5 * r * V² gives you lift in Newtons. 2)Mars gravitational acceleration is 3.7 m/s^2. Multiply that by the drones weight. If the first value is higher than the second-it will fly. Remember that this drone wasn't built to fly on Earth, so comparisons with helicopter altitude limitations aren't particularly useful.
dogmaster Måned siden
@DarkLight 2.1 By the way: -125°C: What kind of battery do they use? AND: 1,8kg mass! 0,3kg "batteries"...
dogmaster Måned siden
@DarkLight 2.1 You mean denser atmosphere due to -125°C?
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 Måned siden
@dogmaster Congratulations! You caught your initial error-Well done. Yes, I can and have done the math, but you've made another mistake..can you catch it again this time? I'll give you a couple of days, then I'll give you a hint if you are stuck. Good luck and have fun!
dogmaster Måned siden
@DarkLight 2.1 Please compare: 3,72m/s2 : 9,81m/s2 = g(Mars) is only 37% g/Earth). 0,006bar / 1bar. 0,6% "force". Can you do the math? Relate the 2 and you get a pressure altitude (Earth) of 13.000m... Altitude record heli 8.000m...
Pola & Tiger
Pola & Tiger Måned siden
Time to visit the dark side of the moon! (where the nazis live)
Gary Ryan
Gary Ryan Måned siden
No one has been to the moon .
Alessio Sa
Alessio Sa Måned siden
The real breacktrough is not the Marscopter but you americans (finally) using the metric system
cokkachi voice
cokkachi voice Måned siden
the_paTiku Måned siden
lol i don't know why i hate this guy. but his laugh just creeps me out!
Gary Ryan
Gary Ryan Måned siden
Because he is lying . And deep inside you know this .
Brendan Beehler
Brendan Beehler Måned siden
I was so freaking thrown off by the title plus upload date. Took me a second to realize he edited the title. This is why I'm not a NASA engineer.
Evhen Koval
Evhen Koval Måned siden
It dont fly in 40 gramm/meter cub. It has rpm low. And it has feet sq low.
Netkiller3714 Måned siden
talk about double dipping lol.
Netkiller3714 Måned siden
So does that mean that this thing could technically fly to space if it were flown on earth?
hughmorris2008 Måned siden
Mimi Aung said it can fly for 90 seconds. NASA said 3rd flight was "164 feet (50 meters),...., reaching a top speed of 6.6 feet per second (2 meters per second)" so 90 seconds X (6.6'/Sec)= 594' this little beauty can go in one flight. Now I want to know what its radio range is. Nine flights could take it a mile away from the rover. Also, what is its top altitude? Will we be getting some audio since Perseverance has a mic??
Skid falcoon
Skid falcoon Måned siden
Its odd having nasa or atleast their counterparts being for the most part transparent
Cory Δ Ryse
Cory Δ Ryse Måned siden
14:13 I see that there is a counterbalance blade. A long blade and a short at different pitches to counteract force. Very amazing.
WWFYMN Måned siden
my laptop has more battary than ingenuity
eriktorres Måned siden
Sound in a chamber stimulating mars atmosphere? That's new...
Jules Domes
Jules Domes Måned siden
Why wouldn't the Martian atmosphere transmit sound?
John Jay
John Jay Måned siden
Creativity Tools
Creativity Tools Måned siden
can we make a helicopter for venus ? If so how would we approach it ?
Creativity Tools
Creativity Tools Måned siden
@Crawlz Ooo 250 mph wind could blow off anyone. What about the upper atmosphere and then study the planet form upper atmosphere through some special camera or something. I heard we could build floating cities out there just because the atmosphere is dense. Is flying helicopter in the upper most atmosphere possible..
Crawlz Måned siden
Venus is way too extreme for anything like that. The USSR landed heavily armored spacecraft on the surface during the Venera missions, and even managed to snap a few pictures, but the atmosphere is way too unforgiving to keep anything there long term. The Venera probes failed after only a few minutes there. The temperature on the surface is almost 900 degrees Fahrenheit. Not to mention getting anything through it's upper atmosphere is incredibly difficult because the winds up there travel at around 250 mph. And in the video he mentioned how the pressure at the surface is 90x the atmospheric pressure on Earth, meaning the amount of force required to make something fly is unbelievably high and beyond our capabilities.
Ban Måned siden
I see what you did there, had to change the title for the algorithm
jim yeats
jim yeats Måned siden
You're now going to start hearing fishing line companies call their line "NASA spec".
SubFPV Måned siden
Hi Derek, I've have an unansered question seeing the helicopter fly away and return to the same exact spot. How is ingenuity tracking its position on Mars? It's just integrating IMU data over time? Some sort of range finding to perseverance or with satelites?
Vikash Kumar
Vikash Kumar Måned siden
I wanted to see that clip where he tries to hold the ingenuity
Gary Gary
Gary Gary Måned siden
Man, to people that don't understand you edited you just look like a liar xD but hey thats their problem I guess
Felipe Freitas
Felipe Freitas Måned siden
2:47 "for americans"
Nicola Marciano
Nicola Marciano Måned siden
Why are those scientists wearing a protective suit?
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 Måned siden
To prevent getting hairs, dandruff, etc. in the mechanism.
The Shake
The Shake Måned siden
It must have cost more than an airbus a380 .....
Nikhil Anand Pandit
Nikhil Anand Pandit Måned siden
Smart guy Next title: this helicopter crashed on mars
quest 77051
quest 77051 Måned siden
what does chinese weight stands for on the blades?
Will D
Will D Måned siden
Would the bearings overheat really quick because of the atmosphere being so thin
User 4-4-20
User 4-4-20 Måned siden
i took a GIANT dump earlier. It kinda hurt.
Jacek Ćwikła
Jacek Ćwikła Måned siden
the title is confusing af
Zafrius Rasnake
Zafrius Rasnake Måned siden
It is like all these guys were made from the same petri dish.
marax Måned siden
dude in red has large nose!
Paulo Procopio
Paulo Procopio Måned siden
Bateria para ir em Marte, e filmar e voltar , como pode ter pessoas para acreditar nesta mentira, o importante é que o domo da terra significa a cúpula de vidro que está sobre a nossa terra, é ocultada da humanidade, para todos o nosso mundo é um mundo de corrupção. Paullo da Silva de Cornélio Procópio Paraná Brasil.
Zeen Daniels
Zeen Daniels Måned siden
@Paulo Procopio Ok, en la biblia también dice que los árboles hablan (libro de los Reyes)... Es cierto eso también?
Paulo Procopio
Paulo Procopio Måned siden
@Zeen Daniels salmos capítulo 148versículo 4,5, estas escrito, louvai os céus dos céus e as águas que estão sobre os céus que louvem o nome do senhor Jesus cristo é Deus, tudo que existe está embaixo do domo, pra cima do domo é o mar celestial, salmos capítulo 19, versículo 4, sobre o sol ea lua existe uma tenda de vidro que é ocultada da humanidade pela Nasa, Paullo da Silva de Cornélio Procópio Paraná Brasil
Zeen Daniels
Zeen Daniels Måned siden
Así que el domo está oculto y aún así crees que existe? Que conveniente...
R.S.BEJINI Måned siden
shame pn u balram u didnt try to devlop isro rather than devloping nasa people like u can go to any extent for money
Anonymous Måned siden
why? he worked for the improvent of space technology for all man kind .Why bring blind nationalism into the topic,its like splitting people another way like religion.
HeinrichErnst1 Måned siden
Finally disturbed the silence of another planet by lawnmower-sounds. Congrats mankind!
Ankit N
Ankit N Måned siden
How Air stay in Mars without Ozone? Do you guys understand Air?
Ankit N
Ankit N Måned siden
@Zeen Daniels thanks
Zeen Daniels
Zeen Daniels Måned siden
@Ankit N Ehm... But you are talking about gravity holding Jupiter's atmosphere, it does the same with the atmosphere of Mars. Gravity holds it. Mars have atmosphere, therefore an helicopter can fly, simple. No ozone required. Oh, and btw... Ozone does not create pressure here on Earth. It's the gravity also.
Ankit N
Ankit N Måned siden
@Zeen Daniels Also, it is Oxygen which have created Ozone for itself, thats Universal Law.
Ankit N
Ankit N Måned siden
@Zeen Daniels ozone create pressure inside earth so that other Gases flow to use Helicopter which going to use air flow to uplift itself will not work when ozone is not present. You cannot use air flow outside earth. You cannot use hot air balloon on any planet, the reason we have Jupiter and Saturn is because of the gases has been preserved by gravity. It is gravity which move those gases not eco system like earth with ozone.
Zeen Daniels
Zeen Daniels Måned siden
@Ankit N Yes... So?
1st corinthians chapter 15 1-4
1 corinthians 15:1-4 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; 2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
Zeen Daniels
Zeen Daniels Måned siden
"According to the scriptures", meaning "there is no evidence that it actually happened, but we like to think it did"
DarkLight 2.1
DarkLight 2.1 Måned siden
What does this have to do with helicopters on Mars?
rgorell Måned siden
Who are the losers down-voting this?
big b0ss
big b0ss Måned siden
we make mars drones and can't feed the poor and control populational growth 🥰🥰🥰🥰🥰🥰🥰🥰
Sean L
Sean L Måned siden
I was confused when I saw this was uploaded a year ago but it turns out the title was edited.
Cyborg X
Cyborg X Måned siden
I thought it was some NOsections glitch because it was showing 1 year ago
Karla Tovar
Karla Tovar Måned siden
I Don't understand the title
Lardzor Måned siden
Fun fact: the turbine in a cars turbo air compressor can reach up to 250,000 RPM.
კოვიდ მოქალაქე
dont change titles. in future someone may think this helicopter just flew on mars one year ago. and its not true. you may pland desinformation to someonse memory.
კოვიდ მოქალაქე
i watched this one year ago and when it actually happened searched back to watch how it was. but title of video is changed and i think its not good.
ogEvanAlmighty Måned siden
You know, 2400rpm sounds fast when compared to a helicopter, but DJI drones fly around 6000rpm to 8000rpm. Just an interesting comparison :) what a cool toy! I want one xD
flymeetspaddle Måned siden
confused me at first with the upload date lol. but ok title change, thats fair :) lol
Ericsaw 1711
Ericsaw 1711 Måned siden
NOsections's algorithm is just perfect 👍
K J Måned siden
"This just flew on mars" 1 year ago......
Leo Ma
Leo Ma Måned siden
Aerospace engineers at NASA: "BAAAAAAAAHHH"
KEDAR A N Måned siden
The title is changed now!!!
Random Village Stuffs
Google User
Google User Måned siden
3:25 This girl was the one who made that speech afterwards.
Jawad Hazrat
Jawad Hazrat Måned siden
What is the functions of those spikes? Just curious.
NewMusicWeekly Måned siden
Seeing it next to people for the first time, it's more than twice as big as I assumed.
Is Dust Mostly Dead Skin?
Ryan Reynolds' Vasectomy